Gólgota: Lugar de la Calavera

Arte, Cursos, Juventud, Pandillas, Reflexiones

El arte siempre ha sido un medio de expresión que da identidad a las personas y los grupos.

Es por eso que un joven que entra a formar parte de una pandilla se tatúa el símbolo característico de su grupo como parte del proceso de “iniciación” o ingreso a la banda. Esto me fue muy notorio hace poco, cuando vi a un joven de unos 20 años raparse el cabello. Tenía una figura de “Popeye el Marino” tatuada en la parte trasera de su cráneo. Cuando le pregunté por qué se había hecho el tatuaje, la respuesta fue más que obvia: pertenecía a la banda “los Popeyes.” Yo sólo pensaba en el dolor físico que habría experimentado ese joven cuando se hizo el tatuaje, mientras que para él lo importante era portar la imagen de su grupo. Y cuanto más notoria, mejor.

En las distintas clases de la maestría en Misión Urbana, el profesor Joel Van Dyke repetidamente nos ha enfatizado el valor y la importancia del uso del arte para la comunicación del mensaje cristiano. Nos ha recalcado que el uso de las distintas artes (pintura, música, teatro, escultura, etc.) forma parte integral del ministerio en un contexto urbano. Yo, la verdad, nunca le había puesto demasiada atención a este asunto.

Probablemente porque no soy alguien muy inclinado a apreciar las manifestaciones artísticas (con excepción de la literatura y el cine, los cuales disfruto mucho). Sin embargo, hace poco tuve que reconsiderar mi posición a este respecto para darle mayor crédito a las enseñanzas del profesor.

Como parte de nuestro ministerio a la pandilla de los “Calas” (Calaveras), tuvimos la oportunidad de plasmar una imagen artística en uno de los lugares principales donde los miembros de la banda se reúnen para consumir drogas y convivir unos con otros. Como cabría esperar, para esta banda en particular la imagen de la calavera (símbolo mexicano por excelencia para la muerte) es fundamental como expresión de su identidad.  Cada miembro debe portarla de alguna manera (logré contar diez calaveras tatuadas en el cuerpo de uno de ellos). Está pintada a lo largo de toda su área de acción e influencia. Así que, cuando menos mediante su representación artística, la vida completa de estos jóvenes está marcada por la muerte y sus implicaciones.

Junto con los jóvenes de la banda decidimos la imagen que se pintaría: todos estuvimos de acuerdo en que una representación de Jesucristo crucificado sería la más indicada. Los miembros de la iglesia propusimos incluir también una tumba vacía como manifestación de la victoria de Cristo sobre la muerte, así como el versículo de Juan 14:6 y el nombre de nuestro ministerio juvenil: “Cosecha Joven.” Por su parte, los Calas quisieron que la pintura tuviera elementos propios de su “barrio” y finalmente fue completada con detalles de la imaginación de Efraín. Aunque artísticamente el cuadro final quedó muy sobrecargado, el mensaje que transmite es claro y elocuente: Jesús también es parte del “barrio” y de la vida de los jóvenes pandilleros.

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Los resultados de esta experiencia manifiestan la importancia de las artes como parte del ministerio urbano. Mientras Efraín pintaba, muchas personas se reunían para verlo y animarlo, ocasiones que nosotros aprovechamos para compartir el evangelio y orar públicamente por los Calas y demás curiosos. Cuando la pintura fue terminada, los miembros de la banda quedaron muy agradecidos con nosotros por dejarles una imagen tan bonita y positiva. La confianza de los miembros de la pandilla hacia nosotros creció, y nuestra amistad con ellos se profundizó. Otras personas nos pidieron que pintemos más imágenes cristianas en sus paredes traseras.

Por último, aprovechamos la ocasión para transmitir al “Pollo,” el “Nono,” el “Loco,” el “Tortas,” el “May,” el “Gato,” el “Chespi,” el “Cholo,” el “Simpson;” y los demás Calas el mensaje principal que queremos que recuerden siempre que miren la pintura: el monte donde Jesús dio su vida por ellos se llamó Gólgota, porque fue el verdadero “Lugar de la Calavera” donde fue liberado el poder que puede transformar sus vidas.

Por favor, cuando termine de leer este artículo, ore por la salvación de los Calas y por el fortalecimiento y crecimiento espiritual del pintor Efraín Torres.

 

Mauricio Acuña
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Comments :

  1. Mónica dice:

    Solamente el poder Dios puede salvarnos. Qué maravilloso como Dios mueve personas para darle a todos la oportunidad de la salvación. Qué Dios bendiga a todas personas que se disponen y se dejan usar por Dios para la salvación de muchas almas.

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